5 Clear and Easy Ways to Write an Academic Essay - wikiHow

 

academic essays

The heart of the academic essay is persuasion, and the structure of your argument plays a vital role in this. To persuade, you must set the stage, provide a context, and decide how to reveal your evidence. Of course, if you are addressing a community of specialists, some aspects of a . The Academic Essay. The academic essay is merely a specific writing genre–as is the love letter, newspaper editorial, or pop-fiction. As a genre, it functions within a set of norms, rules, and conventions. The purpose of this discussion is to make clear to you what those rules and norms are, and how to use them to express your argument clearly. The writer of the academic essay aims to persuade readers of an idea based on evidence. The beginning of the essay is a crucial first step in this process. In order to engage readers and establish your authority, the beginning of your essay has to accomplish certain business. Your beginning should introduce the essay, focus it, and orient readers.


Beginning the Academic Essay |


As a genre, it functions within a set of norms, academic essays, rules, and conventions. The purpose of this discussion is to make clear to you what those rules and norms are, academic essays, and how to use them to express your argument clearly. Purpose: The purpose of the academic essay is to persuade by reasoned discourse, academic essays.

Scholars use the essay amongst themselves to advance ideas. Its value as an instructional tool is to assist students in developing their critical thinking skills. As you recall, critical thinking is academic essays as: the ability to read theory accurately, appropriate it meaningfully, apply it independently, generate results based on that application, academic essays, analyze the results, and form a clear argument based on those results that can be defended with a specific line of reasoning, academic essays.

A good academic essay engenders this process and clearly demonstrates that the process has been performed successfully. With this in mind let's examine how to write an academic essay.

Do you frequently find yourself struggling academic essays the introduction to your essays? Do you not know how to begin the essay?

If so, that's because you are not following the norms for the introduction to the academic essay. Following this norm actually makes academic essays a piece of cake and gets you right into the body of the essay. Here is the norm:. The purpose of the introduction is two-fold: 1. To introduce the theoretical framework that will guide your analysis 2, academic essays.

To introduce the thesis statement that will organize your paper. Following this norm academic essays you to cut to the chase, academic essays. No more generalizing statements of philosophical speculation that you venture forth hoping that it won't get shot down. You know, crap like "Hemingway was perhaps one of the most visionary authors of his time Hence you will find that many essays begin with such statements as "In his book Moreover, to even try and do so would require voluminous amounts of discourse for something that is not even your thesis: what you actually ARE setting out to prove, academic essays.

As a result, the genre of the Academic Essay has evolved into the above norm. It still meets an introduction's purpose of orienting the reader, it academic essays does so in a very specific manner. Having accomplished that, the expectation for an essay is that you will introduce a thesis statement that is directly related to that theoretical framework or its application. That said, academic essays, it is important to discuss what's at stake in making a thesis academic essays. Here's an example from literature.

A frequent academic essays students will make is "This author used symbolism to make his point. Thus, to attempt to single out or make a distinction of a piece for using "symbolism" is to not say anything that even needs proving to begin with.

A simple thesis statement is not quite what it may sound like. A simple thesis statement means that only one main point or argument is going to be proved. The term "simple argument" can thus be misleading because the argument itself can and frequently is very theoretically sophisticated. What makes them simple is that in terms of their logical structure, they only take on one line of proof, and hence, their organization of proof will be simple.

The example here would be the argument that "Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre. Simple thesis statements are eminently preferable in terms of writing an essay for a course. It allows you to focus on your points and your proofs rather than getting lost in the organization of your arguments. A complex thesis statement means that the thesis has more than one point to prove. In this respect, the essay will have to organize more than one line of reasoning in so far that more than one thing has to be proven.

Complex theses are not necessarily more theoretically sophisticated than simple thesis statements, they are only more difficult to organize clearly. In this respect, they are not worth what they entail and should be avoided.

An example of a complex thesis statement would be something like: "Faulkner's novels critique the ideologies of patriarchy and racism. This would be an appropriate analysis for the work of Faulkner, but I'm not sure it would be worth it.

To begin with, it is not clear what the writer has to gain in terms of proving BOTH of these aspects of the work rather than just the one. Instead, academic essays, with academic essays complex thesis, academic essays, there are going to be long sections of the essay where half of what needs to be proved will be left suspended while the other half gets discussed.

In addition, the thesis picks "the work" of Faulkner which necessitates discussing every book, rather than just one. Thus it is that an important convention of the academic essay is that: A complex thesis statement can usually be restructured into a more theoretically sophisticated if not interesting simple thesis statement, academic essays.

The impossible thesis statement is a kind of corollary of the banal thesis statement insofar as you want to stay away from it.

Rather than saying something which is evident or meaningless, however, the impossible thesis statement puts forward something which cannot reasonably be proved, as a result of there being no agreed upon or stable criteria from which to render conclusions. Examples of impossible statements abound, academic essays, but the one most related academic essays this course would be " The Plague is great art," or " The Plague is the most realistic academic essays all Camus' novels.

Take the first one. What academic essays between "good" art and "great" art? Furthermore, the essay would not be able to point to a stable definition of "art", a concept that art historians, academic essays, artists, and cultural critics have been arguing over for centuries. The latter thesis has a similar problem since "realistic" is not a stable concept with firm criteria.

Making an Argument As academic essays earlier, the academic essay is an exercise in reasoned persuasion. In this respect, the thesis statement is an important organizational structure insofar as it establishes how the rest of the essay will be organized.

Classical logic maintains that there are 3 basic kinds of persuasive statements: statements of fact, statements of value or evaluationand statements of policy or action, which argue what we should do.

Statements of fact can themselves be grouped into two basic forms: arguments of classification, and arguments of operation or function. It is possible to make other distinctions, academic essays, like for example, arguments of relationship how to things relate to each other but these distinctions can be readily subsumed into these two basic groups.

Arguments of classification are when you establish some sort of criteria, and then argue that something meets or fails to meet that criteria. The earlier example that "Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre" is an example of an argument of classification. Having established what comprises the Western Genre, the writer will then go on to prove how Star Wars embodies, contains, or possesses those elements, academic essays.

The writer will, in other words, prove that Star Wars meets that criteria. Arguments of operation or function argues in terms of what something does, or how it functions. The earlier argument that "Faulkner's work critiques the ideology of patriarchy" is an example of function, academic essays.

Note that unlike the argument of classification, the writer of this essay SEEMS to have to do more to prove their thesis. The question of HOW leads to a discussion of academic essays body of the essay. From a conceptual standpoint, the function of the body of the essay is to prove the thesis statement laid out in the introduction, academic essays. Easy enough. This section discusses how the writer accomplishes that proof.

Establishing Criteria In the discussion of types of argument, I made the point that the writer will have to establish criteria that can be used to prove their argument. The body of the essay is the location where the writer accomplishes that. This is a fairly common mistake that beginning essay writers make. They fear that they have not said enough in the intro and as a result, go on to discuss aspects of their theory or elaborate on a thesis.

The problem with doing so is that it screws up your organization, academic essays. What comes next is no longer clear to the reader.

If you keep it clear to yourself that the purpose of the introduction to your essay is to only INTRODUCE your theoretical framework, and your thesis statement, then the function of the body of your essay will also become academic essays to the reader.

Academic essays will expect you to establish criteria so academic essays you can prove your thesis. As a result, another important norm of the academic essay is: A primary function of the body of the essay is to establish the criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven. To argue that Faulkner's work criticizes thee ideology of patriarchy is going to require that the writer establish what the ideology of patriarchy is, academic essays.

Meeting Criteria Establishing the criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven leads to the next logical step: demonstrating how the object under investigation meets those criteria.

Clearly it is not enough for the Faulkner essayist to just define what academic essays ideology of patriarchy is. Their thesis is that Faulkner's work criticizes that ideology. This process of relating the object of investigation academic essays to the established criteria is another fundamental component of the body of the essay. Without it, the proof is not complete. As silly as that sounds, academic essays, I kid you not that the most frequent mistake of beginning essay writers is a failure to relate their analysis back to the criteria they have established.

Thus it is that another important norm for the academic essay is: Relate the analysis back to the terms and concepts of the established criteria. The Star Wars example brings up another fundamental logical task to this process.

From the beginning you have probably thought the Star Wars thesis to not be very feasible. The film is not set in the West, academic essays, and it occurs in the future. In terms of proving that thesis statement, the writer is going to have to clearly establish what the elements of the Western Genre are, and then relate aspects of the film back to ALL of those criteria, academic essays.

Herein lies the essential importance of "completeness" to that process. If the Star Wars writer establishes the criteria but can only point to the "gun-fighting" that occurs in the film, then their essay will fail to persuade.

Their essay will fail to persuade precisely because it inadequately addresses the scope of the criteria. Thus it is that another important norm for this process is: Fully address the established criteria. It is very important to note that fully addressing the scope of the criteria does NOT mean that the object under discussion has to fully meet ALL the criteria. This is the point precisely.

In this respect, the writer is going to have make a supporting argument academic essays how these criteria relate to each other in terms of comprising the genre academic essays in a logical sense "the whole". The important academic essays is that academic essays criteria are addressed adequately. Failure to address any of the established criteria creates a gap in logic.

Fully relating the object of the thesis to the established criteria fulfills the logical requirements necessary to persuade reasonably and allows the writer to draw conclusions.

 

Overview of the Academic Essay |

 

academic essays

 

Since academic essays are widely used in the field of education and research, you need to ensure that your writing is both logical, interesting and informative. The items that are commonly seen in an academic essay contain insights, actual occurrences, ideas, and facts. The writer of the academic essay aims to persuade readers of an idea based on evidence. The beginning of the essay is a crucial first step in this process. In order to engage readers and establish your authority, the beginning of your essay has to accomplish certain business. Your beginning should introduce the essay, focus it, and orient readers. The Academic Essay. The academic essay is merely a specific writing genre–as is the love letter, newspaper editorial, or pop-fiction. As a genre, it functions within a set of norms, rules, and conventions. The purpose of this discussion is to make clear to you what those rules and norms are, and how to use them to express your argument clearly.