Writing the Results Section for a Research Paper :: Wordvice ::

 

results in research paper

The results section of the research paper is where you report the findings of your study based upon the information gathered as a result of the methodology [or methodologies] you applied. The results section should simply state the findings, without bias or interpretation, and arranged in a logical leilandhard.gq: Ula Lechtenberg. Jul 25,  · Read more information on how to write a results section in APA format. Visit your library and read some journal articles that are on your topic. Pay attention to how the authors present the results of their research. If possible, take your paper to your school's writing lab for additional assistance. Limit your statements concerning each segment of the paper (i.e. purpose, methods, results, etc.) to two or three sentences, if possible. The Abstract helps readers decide whether they want to read the rest of the paper, or it may be the only part they can obtain via electronic literature searches or .


How to write a research paper


Vietnamesecourtesy of Julia Duong Coupofy, results in research paper. Russian and Ukrainiancourtesy of Viktoriya Parnak blog. Writing Research Papers Writing is easy. All you do is stare at a blank sheet of paper until drops of blood form on your forehead. A major goal of this course is the development of effective technical writing skills. To help you become an accomplished writer, you will prepare results in research paper research papers based upon the studies completed in lab.

Our research papers are not typical "lab reports. Such an assignment hardly represents the kind of writing you might be doing in your eventual career. Written and oral communications skills are probably the most universal qualities sought by graduate and professional results in research paper as well as by employers.

You alone are responsible for developing such skills to a high level. Before you begin your first writing assignment, please consult all of the following resources, in order to gain the most benefit from the experience.

For Biosciences majors the general guidelines apply to future course work, as can be seen by examining the guidelines for the advanced experimental sciences research paper Bioc An objective of organizing a research paper is to allow people to read your work selectively. Results in research paper I research a topic, I may be interested in just the methods, a specific result, the interpretation, or perhaps I just want to see a summary of the paper to determine if it is relevant to my study.

To this end, many journals require the following sections, submitted in the order listed, each section to start on a new page. There are variations of course. Some journals call for a combined results and discussion, for example, or include materials and methods after the body of the paper. The well known journal Science does away with separate sections altogether, except for the abstract. Your papers are to adhere to the form and style required for the Journal of Biological Chemistry, requirements that are shared by many journals in the life sciences.

Specific editorial requirements for submission of a manuscript will always supercede instructions in these general guidelines. Select an informative title as illustrated in the examples in your writing portfolio example package. Include the name s and address es of all authors, and date submitted, results in research paper. An abstract is a concise single paragraph summary of completed work or work in progress.

In a minute or less a reader can learn the rationale behind the study, general approach to the problem, pertinent results, and important conclusions or new questions. Write your summary after the rest of the paper is completed.

After all, results in research paper, how can you summarize something that is not yet written? Economy of words is important throughout any paper, but especially in results in research paper abstract.

However, use complete sentences and do not sacrifice readability for brevity. You can keep it concise by wording sentences so that they serve more than one purpose. For example, "In order to learn the role of protein synthesis in early development of the sea urchin, newly fertilized embryos were pulse-labeled with tritiated leucine, to provide a time course of changes in synthetic rate, as measured by total counts per minute cpm.

The writer can now go directly to summarizing the results. Summarize the study, including the following elements in any abstract, results in research paper.

Results in research paper to keep the first two items to no more than one sentence each. The purpose of an introduction is to aquaint the reader with the rationale behind the work, with the intention of defending it. It places your work in a theoretical context, and enables the reader to understand and appreciate your objectives. The abstract is the only text in a research paper to be written without using paragraphs in order to separate major points. Approaches vary widely, however for our studies the following approach can produce an effective introduction.

This should be the easiest section to write, but many students misunderstand the purpose. The objective is to document all specialized materials and general procedures, so that another individual may use results in research paper or all of the methods in another study or judge the scientific merit of your results in research paper. It is not to be a step by step description of everything you did, nor is a methods section a set of instructions.

In particular, it is not supposed to tell a story. By the way, your notebook should contain all of the information that you need for this section. The purpose of a results section is to present and illustrate your findings. Make this section a completely results in research paper report of the results, and save all interpretation for the discussion.

IMPORTANT: You must clearly distinguish results in research paper that would normally be included in a results in research paper article from any raw data or other appendix material that would not be published. In fact, such material should not be submitted at all unless requested by the instructor.

The objective here is to provide an interpretation of your results and support for all of your conclusions, using evidence from your experiment and generally accepted knowledge, if appropriate. The significance of findings should be clearly described. Interpret your data in the discussion in appropriate depth.

This means that when you explain a phenomenon you must describe mechanisms that may account for the observation. If your results differ from your expectations, results in research paper, explain why that may have happened. If your results agree, then describe the theory that the evidence supported.

It is never appropriate to simply state that the data agreed with expectations, and let it drop at that. The biggest mistake that students make in discussions is results in research paper present a superficial interpretation that more or less re-states the results. It is necessary to suggest why results came out as they did, focusing on the mechanisms behind the observations, results in research paper. Please note that in the introductory laboratory course, you will not be required to properly document sources of all of your information.

One reason is that your major source of information is this website, and websites are inappropriate as primary sources.

Second, results in research paper, it is problematic to provide a hundred students with equal access to potential reference materials. You may nevertheless find outside sources, and you should cite any articles that the instructor provides or that you find for yourself.

Caprette caprette rice. Laboratory Studies. Laboratory Methods. Resources for learning technical writing Before you begin your first writing assignment, please consult all of the following resources, in order to gain the most benefit from the experience. General form of a typical research article Specific guidelines if any for the assignment — see the writeups on individual lab studies McMillan, VE. Martin's, ISBN REQUIRED for Bioc, recommended for results in research paper science courses that include writing Writing portfolio examples pdf As you polish up your writing skills please make use of the following resources Instructor feedback on previous assignments Common errors in student research papers Selected writing rules somewhat less serious than the other resources For Biosciences majors the general guidelines apply to future course work, as can be seen by examining the guidelines results in research paper the advanced experimental sciences research paper Bioc General form of a research paper An objective of organizing a research paper is to allow people to read your work selectively.

General style Specific editorial requirements for submission of a manuscript will always supercede instructions in these general guidelines. To make a paper readable Print or type using a 12 point standard font, such as Times, Geneva, Bookman, Helvetica, etc. Stay focused on the research topic of the paper Use paragraphs to separate each important point except for the abstract Indent the first line of each paragraph Present your points in logical order Use present tense to report well accepted facts - for example, 'the grass is green' Use past tense to describe specific results - for example, 'When weed killer was applied, the grass was brown' Avoid informal wording, don't address the reader directly, and don't use jargon, slang terms, or superlatives Avoid use of superfluous pictures - include only those figures necessary to presenting results Title Page Select an informative title as illustrated in the examples in your writing portfolio example package.

Abstract The summary should be two hundred words or less. See the examples in the writing portfolio package. General intent An abstract is a concise single paragraph summary of completed work or work in progress.

Writing an abstract Write your summary after the rest of the paper is completed. General intent The purpose of an introduction is to aquaint the reader with the rationale behind the work, results in research paper, with the intention of defending it. Writing an introduction The abstract is the only text in a research paper to be written without using paragraphs in order to separate major points.

Describe the importance significance of the study - why was this worth doing in the first place? Provide a broad context. Defend the model - why did you use this particular organism or system? What are its advantages? You might comment on its suitability from a theoretical point of view as well as indicate practical reasons for using it.

Provide a rationale. State your specific hypothesis es or objective sand describe the reasoning that led you to select them. Very briefy describe the experimental design and how it accomplished the stated objectives. Style: Use past tense except when referring to established facts.

After all, the paper will be submitted after all of the work is completed, results in research paper. Organize your ideas, making one major point with each paragraph. If you make the four points listed above, you will need a minimum of four paragraphs. Present background information only as needed in order support a position. The reader does not want to read everything you know about a subject.

As always, pay attention to spelling, clarity and appropriateness of sentences and phrases. Materials and Methods There is no specific page limit, but results in research paper key concept is to keep this section as concise as you possibly can. People will want to read this material selectively. The reader may only be interested in one formula or part of a procedure. Materials and methods may be reported under separate subheadings within this section or can be incorporated results in research paper. General intent This should be the easiest section to write, but many students misunderstand the purpose.

Writing a materials and methods section Materials: Describe materials separately only if the study is so complicated that it saves space this way. Include specialized chemicals, biological materials, and any equipment or supplies that are not commonly found in laboratories. Do not include commonly found supplies such as test tubes, pipet tips, beakers, etc.

 

How to Write an APA Results Section

 

results in research paper

 

The results section of the research paper is where you report the findings of your study based upon the information gathered as a result of the methodology [or methodologies] you applied. The results section should simply state the findings, without bias or interpretation, and arranged in a logical leilandhard.gq: Ula Lechtenberg. Mar 21,  · For most research papers in the social and behavioral sciences, there are two possible ways of organizing the results. Both approaches are appropriate in how you report your findings, but choose only one format to use. Present a synopsis of the results followed by an explanation of key findings. This approach can be used to highlight important. May 21,  · How do you structure the results of an experiment, and how do you communicate the results of your research? By writing clearly and answering any questions you raised earlier in your paper, you can be sure that your results section will be easily comprehensible and will bring your paper to a strong conclusion.